Putin’s new doctrine calls US ‘main source’ of threat to Russian security

The Kremlin has adopted a brand new international coverage doctrine which identifies the US because the “important supply of threats” to Russian safety whereas describing Russia as a “distinctive state-civilisation” with a “distinctive historic mission”.

The doc is the primary replace to the doctrine since 2016 and displays the “radical adjustments within the worldwide affairs”, President Vladimir Putin informed a gathering of his Safety Council on Friday.

Presenting the brand new technique, international minister Sergei Lavrov mentioned Russia confronted an “existential risk” from “unfriendly international locations”.

The brand new doctrine describes the US because the “important supply” of safety threats to Russia and alludes to an “period of revolutionary adjustments” in direction of a “extra simply multipolar world” — wording supposed to replicate the rising energy of China beneath President Xi Jinping.

Putin and Xi agreed to a “no limits partnership” shortly earlier than the Russian president ordered a full-scale invasion of Ukraine final 12 months.

Regardless of Moscow’s warfare of aggression towards its neighbour, the coverage doc depicts Russia as “peaceable, open, and predictable”. It accuses the US of utilizing its “particular army operation” in Ukraine as a pretext to unleash a “hybrid warfare” aimed toward “weakening and disintegrating Russia”.

Moscow has in latest weeks ramped up tensions with the US and allies. Earlier this month, Putin ordered the stationing of Russian tactical nuclear weapons in Belarus by this summer season. And this week, Russian safety brokers detained Evan Gershkovich, a US reporter primarily based in Moscow, on espionage costs.

Belarus chief Alexander Lukashenko mentioned on Friday he was discussing the deployment of nuclear weapons on its territory together with his Russian counterpart.

Lukashenko informed his nation’s parliament that he had began negotiations with Putin on “the return of nuclear weapons withdrawn within the Nineties to Belarus”.

“We’ll cease at nothing to guard our international locations and our individuals,” he mentioned.

Whereas Russia’s new international coverage technique acknowledges the US’s position as “an influential improvement centre”, it portrays Washington as “the organiser and executor of anti-Russian coverage of the collective West”. It marks a pointy distinction to the final doctrine, which expressed a want to construct “working relations with the US”.

In response to the idea, China and India are seen as “pleasant sovereign international centres of energy” that share Russia’s view of the “future world order”. Iran, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Egypt are additionally seen as key allies.

“Similar to Stalin, Putin sees the world divided into the spheres of affect, into which the good powers compete to achieve extra allies,” mentioned Andrei Kolesnikov, a senior fellow within the Carnegie Endowment for Worldwide Peace. He argues that the thought of “friendship” for Putin exists inside the identical framework: “the extra allies you will have, the larger energy you might be”.

Regardless of nearer China-Russian relations, Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov expressed scepticism over a putative peace plan for the warfare in Ukraine proposed by Beijing. Peskov mentioned China’s plan contained provisions which might be “unattainable” due to the stance taken by Kyiv.

In response to the brand new doctrine, Russia has a “distinctive mission” to take care of the worldwide stability of energy and create a multipolar worldwide system. The doc additionally refers to Russia not simply as a state however a “civilisation”.

Kolesnikov mentioned that the idea of Russia’s “particular path” is extra fleshed out than in earlier upgrades. “The idea displays the philosophy of the state which has reached the height degree of isolationism and imperialism,” he added.

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